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Your doctor may examine and advise you for some time on diabetes during your visits to his/her clinic or his/her visits to your home. But you are your own doctor for 24 hours all through the months and years with diabetes. How many times a day do you think about the word diabetes?

But don't you despair. You can battle it out with proper concentration.

The two words that stand uppermost in diabetes care are diet and exercise! If you are disciplined in these two areas, half of your battle is won!

Be in the know that 50 to 60 % of daily calories come from carbohydrates, 12 to 20%  from proteins, and not more than 30 %  from fats.

As for diet, let the balance weigh heavily in favour of fruits, vegetables and lots of fiber. More intake of fiber will help you immensely. Give up your past routine of taking heavy meals. Take in small quantities, as and when you are starving. Extremely high or low blood glucose levels need to be avoided. As for losing weight, “slow and steady wins the race.” You have already consulted your doctor, you strictly go by the norms given to you and you lose two pounds every week. Very good! That's good progress.

The risk of heart diseases and liver illness are ever there for diabetics. The food items that are main sources of saturated fats must be avoided. Olive oil is often recommended as a good source of mono unsaturated fat, the healthiest type of fat.

You must keep in mind the following points, which are your lifelines:

1. Maintain the normal blood glucose level.

2. You have the possibility of heart and liver diseases. Limit your food items from this point of view.

3. Maintain the desired level of weight.

With all the emphasis on diet, research on the influence of various types of foods on the diabetes patients is still going on unabated. Researchers in this area are the most confused. They are certain about effects of some items of food. Vague opinions also float. For example, the researchers are sure that cooked foods raise blood glucose higher than the raw foods. Whether foods with sugar raise blood glucose higher than the foods with starch, is still uncertain!

Diabetes care will, perhaps, be a hot topic for all time to come—so far, diabetes is living and kicking!

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